barrel unit of measure

[15], By 1872, the standard oil barrel was firmly established as 42 US-gallons. In the case of water-injection wells, in the United States it is common to refer to the injectivity rate in barrels of water per day (bwd). Liquid Measure. A barrel is one of several units of volume applied in various contexts; there are dry barrels, fluid barrels (such as the U.K. beer barrel and U.S. beer barrel), oil barrels, and so forth. Barrel, unit of both liquid and dry measure in the British Imperial and United States Customary systems, ranging from 31.5 to 42 gallons for liquids and fixed at 7,056 cubic inches (105 dry quarts, or 115.63 litres) for most fruits, vegetables, and other dry commodities. In Canada, it is measured in cubic metres per day (m3/d). 2: Enter the value you want to convert (US beer barrel). For other uses, see, "Blue barrel" redirects here. [7][8] The size of beer kegs in the US is based loosely on fractions of the US beer barrel. Also, 45-US-gallon (170 L) barrels were in common use. To switch the unit simply find the one you want on the page and click it. When referring to beer barrels or kegs in many countries, the term may be used for the commercial package units independent of actual volume, where common range for professional use is 20–60 L, typically a DIN or Euro keg of 50 L. Richard III, King of England from 1483 until 1485, had defined the wine puncheon as a cask holding 84 gallons and a wine tierce as holding 42 gallons. RockyMtnGuy (talk) 05:20, 6 July 2010 (UTC) drum [metric, petroleum] SI unit: cubic meter The SI derived unit for volume is the cubic meter. But due to tradition, the Mbbl acronym is used today meaning "one thousand bbl", as a heritage of the roman number "M" meaning "one thousand". In modern times, many different types of oil, chemicals, and other products are transported in steel drums. The first one is from U.S. Brewery Cask Units.The second one is from U.S. A standard barrel in this context is thus not simply a measure of volume, but of volume under specific conditions. Today the barrel designation continues to be used, and while physical barrels are rarely used in the industry, the 42-gallon standard remains as an official, and iconic, unit of measurement in the petroleum sector. If physically measuring the density at a new temperature is not possible, then tables of empirical data can be used to accurately predict the change in density. An "aging barrel" is used to age wine; distilled spirits such as whiskey, brandy, or rum; beer; tabasco sauce; or (in smaller sizes) traditional balsamic vinegar. 3 Nearly all other countries use the metric system. The logic above also implies the same level of accuracy in measurements for barrels if there is a 1 °F (0.56 °C) error in measuring the temperature at time of measuring the volume. You can view more details on each measurement unit: measure or barrel [UK, wine] The SI derived unit for volume is the cubic meter. When used to denote a volume, one barrel is exactly 42 US gallons and is easily converted to any other unit of volume. Then click the Convert Me button. Definition: Barrel This unit is used in North America for crude oil or other petroleum products. In the United States, Btu, a measure of heat energy, is the most common unit … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. This is a conversion chart for barrel (U.S. Dry Measure). If you need to convert US beer barrel to another compatible unit, please pick the one you need on the page below. It was a very large wooden barrel. For historical reasons the volumes of some barrel units are roughly double the volumes of others; volumes in common use range approximately from 100 to 200 litres (22 to 44 imp gal; 26 to 53 US gal). Using the approximate value 159 litre is about 0.013% off. Outside of the oil industry, the unit Mbbl (megabarrel) can sometimes stand for one million barrels. In the United Kingdom and its former dependencies, a 44-imperial-gallon (200 L) drum is used, even though all those countries now officially use the metric system and the drums are filled to 200 litres. The cranberry barrel, however, measures 5,826 cubic inches. The first one is from U.S. Brewery Cask Units.The second one is from U.S. Updates? Cubic metre is the basic volume unit in the International System. In other circumstances, it can be important to include gas in production and consumption figures. in other languages often refers to a physical container rather than a known measure. Some popular units for comparing energy include British thermal units (Btu), barrels of oil equivalent, metric tons of oil equivalent, metric tons of coal equivalent, and terajoules.. One common term is barrels per day (BPD, BOPD, bbl/d, bpd, bd, or b/d), where 1 BPD is equivalent to 0.0292 gallons per minute. A standardized hogshead measured 48 inches (1,219 mm) long and 30 inches (762 mm) in diameter at the head (at least 550 L or 121 imp gal or 145 US gal, depending on the width in the middle). They decided they needed a standard unit of measure to convince buyers that they were getting a fair volume for their money, and settled on the standard wine tierce, which was two gallons larger than the standard whisky barrel. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …crude oil is measured in barrels of 42 gallons each; the weight per barrel of API 30° light oil is about 306 pounds. The name was derived in medieval times from the French baril, of unknown origin, but still in use, both in French and as derivations in many other languages such as Italian, Polish and Spanish. An allowance of two gallons will be made on the gauge of each and every 40 gallons in favor of the buyer. The 40 gallon whiskey barrel was the most common size used by early oil producers, since they were readily available at the time. [19] At an oil refinery, production is sometimes reported as barrels per calendar day (b/cd or bcd), which is total production in a year divided by the days in that year. Omissions? If you need to convert US beer barrel to another compatible unit, please pick the one you need on the page below. This page features online conversion from US beer barrel to gallon.These units belong to different measurement systems. In liquid measure, the wine barrel of 126 quarts (31.5 gallons, or 119.24 litres) and the ale and beer barrel of 144 quarts (36 gallons, or 136.27 litres) probably were defined by the traditional size of the actual wooden barrels used in these trades. Barrels are used to age wine, and other beverages such as whisky and beer.Most of those are made of oak wood.. A barrel is also used to measure liquids. https://www.britannica.com/science/barrel-measurement. As the US gallon since 1893 is defined as 3.785411784 litre, a volume of one barrel is exactly 158.987294928 litres. barrel United States liquid unit- a liquid unit officially adopted in the United States Customary System British capacity unit, Imperial capacity unit- a unit of measure for capacity officially adopted in the … In the United States, these commonly have a capacity of 55 US gallons (208 L) and are referred to as such. These are derived from the Latin "mille", meaning "thousand". They generally quote prices in Canadian dollars per cubic metre to other Canadian companies, but use US dollars per barrel in financial reports and press statements, making it appear to the outside world that they operate in barrels. 2: Enter the value you want to convert (barrel). Barrel is an old English word for a big holder of liquids, such as petrol, beer, wine or oil.Barrels are most commonly made of either wood or metal but many are plastic. Tun. In general, water injection rates will be stated in the same units as oil production rates, since the usual objective is to replace the volume of oil produced with a similar volume of water to maintain reservoir pressure. [18] Similarly, barrels of oil equivalent or BOE is a value that accounts for both oil and natural gas while ignoring any water that is recovered. But when necessary, such volume is converted to a volume of oil of equivalent enthalpy of combustion. The abbreviations Mbbl and MMbbl refer to one thousand and one million barrels respectively. When oil production began, there was no standard container for oil, so oil and petroleum products were stored and transported in barrels of different shapes and sizes. All critical wear that affects the performance of an injection unit is on the endcap side of the feedport. In many connections the term drum is used almost interchangeably with barrel. The name (and actually the unit of measure) is archaic. The measurement of an "oil barrel" originated in the early Pennsylvania oil fields. The energy contained in a barrel of oil is approximately 5.8 million British thermal units (MBtus) or 1,700 kilowatt-hours (kWh) of energy. [14] Overall, the conversion is usually between 6 and 8 barrels (954 and 1,270 litres; 252 and 336 US gallons) per tonne. Your value gets instantly converted to all other units on the page. For ease of trading, communication and financial accounting, international commodity exchanges often set a conversion factor for benchmark crude oils. An oil barrel (bbl) is a measure of volume of crude oil and other petroleum products. In the United States, an oil barrel is defined as 42 US gallons, which is about 159 litres or 35 imperial gallons. Canadian companies operate internally and report to Canadian governments in cubic metres, but often convert to US barrels for the benefit of American investors and oil marketers. As a result, the meaning of corresponding words and related concepts (vat, cask, keg etc.) When a wine or spirit ages in a barrel, small amounts of oxygen are introduced as the barrel lets some air in (compare to microoxygenation where oxygen is deliberately added). For all other physical quantities, according to the International System of Units, the uppercase letter "M" means "mega-" ("one million"), for example: Mm (one million metres, megametres), MHz (one million hertz, or megahertz), MW (one million watts, or megawatt), MeV (one million electronvolt, or megaelectronvolt). You can also go to the universal conversion page. [19] One BPD also becomes 49.8 tonnes per year. Measure your furniture (or ask a store associate to measure for you). One barrel of oil is 158.987 litres (42 US gallons). They are called 210 litre or 200 kg drums outside the United States. Conversely, a heavy oil with a density of 934 kg/m3 (API gravity of 20) might only increase in volume by 0.039%. To switch the unit simply find the one you want on the page and click it. In the oil industry, following the definition of the American Petroleum Institute, a standard barrel of oil is often taken to mean the amount of oil that at a standard pressure 14.696 pounds per square inch (101.325 kPa) and temperature 60 °F (15.6 °C) would occupy a volume of exactly 1 barrel (159 L). Oil wells recover not just oil from the ground, but also natural gas and water. The nominal conversion factor is 1 cubic metre = 6.2898 oil barrels,[13] but conversion is generally done by custody transfer meters on the border, since the volumes are specified at different temperatures, and the exact conversion factor depends on both density and temperature. In an environment with 100% relative humidity, very little water evaporates … [16] The 42 gallon standard oil barrel was officially adopted by the Petroleum Producers Association in 1872 and by the U.S. Geological Survey and the U.S. Bureau of Mines in 1882.[9]. Other terms are used when discussing only oil. This is a conversion chart for barrel (liquid) (U.S. Measure). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. You can also go to the universal conversion page. A barrel can technically be used to specify any volume. This page features online conversion from US beer barrel to fluid ounce.These units belong to different measurement systems. An oil barrel (abbreviated as bbl) is a unit of volume whose definition has not been universally standardized. On the other hand, there are efforts to avoid this ambiguity, and most of the barrel dealers today prefer to use bbl, instead of Mbbl, mbbl, MMbbl or mmbbl. And by that means King Richard III's English wine tierce became the American standard oil barrel. The task of converting this standard barrel of oil to a standard cubic metre of oil is complicated by the fact that the standard cubic metre is defined by the American Petroleum Institute to mean the amount of oil that at 101.325 kPa and 15 °C (59.0 °F) occupies 1 cubic metre. In California, “additional other petroleum products such as alkylates” are added to the crude to create a “processing gain,” such that: 256, 240 and 208 gallons) were also used. Elsewhere oil is more commonly measured in cubic metres (m³) and less commonly in tonnes. Companies on the European stock exchanges report the mass of oil in tonnes. The fact that the conditions are not exactly the same means that an exact conversion is impossible unless the exact expansion coefficient of the crude is known, and this will vary from one crude oil to another. Temperature is measured in degrees Fahrenheit (°F). Your value gets instantly converted to all other units … We, therefore, mutually agree and bind ourselves that from this date we will sell no crude by the barrel or package, but by the gallon only. Note that rounding errors may occur, so always check the results. The standard volume unit for crude oil measurement, the 42-gallon barrel ("bbl"), dates back to the 1860s, when Pennsylvania producers actually stored and transported petroleum in wooden barrels. A dash is part of a teaspoon. For example, one tonne of heavy distillates might occupy a volume of 6.1 barrels (970 litres; 256 US gallons). Note that rounding errors may occur, so always check the results. The Drake Well, the first oil well in the US, was drilled in Pennsylvania in 1859, and an oil boom followed in the 1860s. Normally, gas amount is measured in standard cubic feet or cubic metres for volume (as well as in kg or Btu, which don't depend on pressure or temperature). Severe damage can occur when the measuring head enters the feedport of the barrel. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Crude oil, as shown in Figure 15, is measured in units of volume, weight and thermal energy. In other commercial connections, barrel sizes such as beer keg volumes also are standardised in many countries. Corrections? Custom had made the 42 gallon watertight tierce a standard container for shipping eel, salmon, herring, molasses, wine, whale oil, and many other commodities in the English colonies by 1700. Oil companies that are listed on American stock exchanges typically report their production in terms of volume and use the units bbl (one barrel), or kbbl or Mbbl (one kilobarrel, one thousand barrels), or MMbbl (one million barrels), and occasionally for wider comprehensive statistics Gbbl (or sometimes Gbl), for giga-barrel (one billion barrels). Various standards have applied to English units at different times, in different places, and for different applications. The diagonal depth of the sofa can be determined by first placing a straight edge from the highest point of the back frame (do not include pillows) to the front of the arm. Some products have a standard weight or volume that constitutes a barrel: Fluid barrels vary depending on what is being measured and where. Likewise, barrels per stream day (BSD or BPSD) is the quantity of oil product produced by a single refining unit during continuous operation for 24 hours. Then there's the dash, as in, "just a dash of salt," which is between 1/16 … The Weekly Register, an Oil City, Pennsylvania newspaper, stated on August 31, 1866 that "the oil producers have issued the following circular": Whereas, It is conceded by all producers of crude petroleum on Oil Creek that the present system of selling crude oil by the barrel, without regard to the size, is injurious to the oil trade, alike to the buyer and seller, as buyers, with an ordinary sized barrel cannot compete with those with large ones. Production and consumption using this analogue is stated in barrels of oil equivalent per day (boed). The same units is called board-foot in the U.S. and Canada and super foot or superficial foot in Australia and New Zealand. Liquid Measure. Units for comparing energy. Some of these barrels would originally have been used for other products, such as beer, fish, molasses, or turpentine. A Barrel of Oil. Around 1866, early oil producers in Pennsylvania came to the conclusion that shipping oil in a variety of different containers was causing buyer distrust. In contrast, one tonne of crude oil might occupy 6.5 barrels (1,030 litres; 273 US gallons), and one tonne of gasoline will require 7.9 barrels (1,260 litres; 332 US gallons). Crude Oil Measurement. For historical reasons the volumes of some barrel units are roughly double the volumes of others; volumes in common use range approximately from 100 to 200 litres (22 to 44 imp gal; 26 to 53 US gal). 1 cubic meter is equal to 4.803128204392 drum. You can also go to the universal conversion page. A barrel is one of several units of volume applied in various contexts; there are dry barrels, fluid barrels (such as the U.K. beer barrel and U.S. beer barrel), oil barrels, and so forth. 1 US liquid gallon = 231 cu in and 1 inch = 25.4 mm implies exactly 158.987294928 litres. barrel: see English units of measurement English units of measurement, principal system of weights and measures used in a few nations, the only major industrial one being the United States. Then click the Convert Me button. If a well is producing 10 mbd of fluids with a 20% water cut, then the well would also be said to be producing 8,000 barrels of oil a day (bod). After the American Revolution in 1776, American merchants continued to use the same size barrels. It's a unit of measure, not a physical barrel. These units are sometimes used to measure the volume of lumber in Great Britain, the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Definition of barrel (Entry 1 of 2) 1 : a round bulging vessel of greater length than breadth that is usually made of staves bound with hoops and has flat ends of equal diameter ", "Western Canadian Select (WCS) Crude Oil Futures", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Barrel_(unit)&oldid=969554363, Customary units of measurement in the United States, Articles with incomplete citations from July 2020, Wikipedia articles needing rewrite from January 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Butter and cheese in UK, 224 pounds (102 kg), This page was last edited on 26 July 2020, at 04:15. Since the actual nature of the fluids being measured varies along the stream, sometimes qualifiers are used to clarify what is being specified. Since medieval times the term barrel as a unit of measure has had various meanings throughout Europe, ranging from about 100 litres to about 1,000 litres. You can view more details on each measurement unit: barrel [US, petroleum] or millififth The SI derived unit for volume is the cubic meter. Some sources assert that "bbl" originated as a symbol for "blue barrels" delivered by Standard Oil in its early days. Sofas: Measure the width (A) and diagonal depth (B). [9], In the worldwide oil industry, an oil barrel is defined as 42 US gallons, which is about 159 litres,[10] or 35 imperial gallons.[11]. In turn, this allows maximum accuracy when converting between standard barrel and standard cubic metre. Outside the United States, volumes of oil are usually reported in cubic metres (m3) instead of oil barrels. In the US most fluid barrels (apart from oil) are 31.5 US gallons (26 imp gal; 119 L) (half a hogshead), but a beer barrel is 31 US gallons (26 imp gal; 117 L). Regulatory authorities in producing countries set standards for measurement accuracy of produced hydrocarbons, where such measurements affect taxes or royalties to the government. 2: Enter the value you want to convert (barrel (liquid)). What is volume Instant conversions Conversion tables Rate conversions; 1 bbl = 0.0001288930976 ac-ft bbl>ac-ft ac-ft>bbl What is ac-ft; 1 bbl = 233 804.846 cap 0 bbl>0 0>bbl What is 0; 1 bbl = 176 652.55 cap 00 bbl>00 00>bbl What is 00 You can view more details on each measurement unit: millistere or barrel [US, petroleum] The SI derived unit for volume is the cubic meter. Oxygen enters a barrel when water or alcohol is lost due to evaporation, a portion known as the "angels' share". Thus, the 42 US-gallon oil barrel is a unit of measure, and is no longer a physical container used to transport crude oil, as most petroleum is moved in pipelines or oil tankers. However, while Ida Tarbell's 1904 Standard Oil Company history acknowledged the "holy blue barrel", the abbreviation "bbl" had been in use well before the 1859 birth of the U.S. petroleum industry.[17]. In many other countries, crude oil is measured in metric tons. In many connections the term drum is used almost interchangeably with barrel. Barrel, unit of both liquid and dry measure in the British Imperial and United States Customary systems, ranging from 31.5 to 42 gallons for liquids and fixed at 7,056 cubic inches (105 dry quarts, or 115.63 litres) for most fruits, vegetables, and other dry commodities. It actually consists of two related systems—the U.S. Alternative Title: caliber Calibre, also spelled Caliber, in firearms, unit of measure indicating the interior, or bore, diameter of a gun barrel and the diameter of the gun’s ammunition; or the length of a gun expressed in relation to its interior diameter (now used only of naval and coastal defense guns). For instance the conversion factor set by the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) for Western Canadian Select (WCS) crude oil traded at Hardisty, Alberta, Canada is 6.29287 U.S. barrels per cubic metre,[22] despite the uncertainty in converting the volume for crude oil. Just oil from which, in the early Pennsylvania oil fields Brewery Cask second! 23 ] casks of this capacity were readily available such usage is obsolescent increasingly. As 3.785411784 litre, a portion known as the `` blue barrel '' in! Liquid ) ( U.S. Dry measure ) metres per day ( boed ) drums outside the States... Offers, and other petroleum products kg drums outside the United States, volumes of oil, as in!, communication and financial accounting, International commodity exchanges often set a conversion chart for (. Known measure barrel is defined as 3.785411784 litre, a volume of 6.1 barrels see. ) instead of oil barrels ( see § Definitions and units ) with a still! 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