orchard grass hay yield per acre

Good quality orchard grass/alfalfa hay brings a price comparable to good quality alfalfa while very good quality grass/alfalfa bring prices comparable to … Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a perennial, cool-season, tall-growing, grass which does not have rhizomes or stolons (bunch-type grass). of the trial - indicating longer persistence than the other cultivars. For high productivity fields with excellent soil conditions, the average yield is around 7 tons, or 14,000 pounds of hay per acre that are usually bundled tighter and compacted into 85-plus lb. For highest quality and high yielding hay, orchardgrass should be harvested in spring during boot stage. While the 3-yr total for each variety remains statistically For example in this trial, Persist produced 38% more tonnage than the lowest The expected yield will vary with such factors as intended use, management intensity and soil texture. A 10-year study in Virginia showed liveweight gain per animal to be greater on orchardgrass, but liveweight gain per acre was greater for tall fescue. years, we would expect Persist to remain at the top of yield performance. 4,000 lb./65 lb. example of hay dryness, an "as is" yield of 4.0 tons per acre is equal to 3.4 "dry" tons per acre when the moisture is 15%. The total yield for all four years placed Persist at 8% higher in yields While this trial has seen nearly Leave a 3-to 4-inch stubble so the grass can recover quickly. Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. Grass may fill in spots as alfalfa plants die rather than weeds so acceptable yields may persist longer. Grass suffers less damage from wheel traffic of harvest equipment or manure spreaders. I am worried than I might have to buy hay rather than have the means to grow it myself. And one of those cuttings of grass was pretty crappy due to lack of irrigation water. The yield can be 15,000 lbs per acre In Idaho, the US' leading producer of potatoes, yields can be as high as 55,000 lbs. The average total yield is 20-35 tons per hectare (or 8-14 tons per acre) per year (distributed in 5-6 cuts). [4.0 tons x (100% - 15% moisture)] = 3.4 tons of dry forage]. Seed at the rate of 8 to 12 lb per acre. The effect of age of Tifton-44 bermudagrass hay on yield and quality1. Tall fescue and meadow fescue had similar emergence across the seeding mixtures (26 and 24%, respectively) while orchardgrass had lower emergence (9%). According to the 2015 State Agriculture Overview, 1,313,197 acres of Virginia farmland are planted in hay.The number of acres in hay pasture is more than twice the number of acres planted in corn (578,852 acres), soybeans (338,132 acres), or wheat for conversion into food (241,979 acres). That's with 3 cuttings of the grass hay and 4 cuttings of the alfalfa. Harvest at 4 tons/acre of Potomac with market value (MV*) of hay at $110/ton: $440 ; Harvest at 4.32 tons/acre of Persist (8% higher than Potomac) with MV* of hay at $110/ton: $475 ; Difference: Persist provides $35 more per acre! Orchardgrass and tall fescue will provide the highest yields. LEARN HOW TO STOP THE INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the Extension Community, Download PDF Save For Later Print Purchase Print. The following calculations, using Persist and Potomac illustrate how Persist provides more profit for hay producers: Profit. Additionally, Persist was almost always the highest yielding a custom harvester to bale the hay . Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. Aftermath growth can be harvested at 4-to 6-week intervals. the first year. continues to produce top yields, almost always higher than any other variety. A normal yearly average for us farm wide is right around3 tons an acre on one … By dividing this figure by 2.4, you get an output per acre figure of 10 tonne. Since orchardgrass is a high-quality grass, it can be grazed by most classes of livestock. Top dressings with lime, phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) based on soil-test results will be necessary for top production and long stand life. Kora, BarElite or Byron’s Premium Hay Blend (BPHB) which is Kora and BarElite mixed 50/50. Parmley said in their trial of Porter’s Midland 99 Bermuda grass with 50 pounds of N the yield increased from 2,625 pounds to 4,244 pounds per acre, which closely follows the OSU rule. al. No hay fed, but ground feed. This trial showed a statistical difference in yield between various varieties, with Persist performing equal to the top variety, Beyond this stage, there is little increase in yield (Table 3) and the digestibility decreases at the rate of about 0.5 percent per day (Table 4). However, because it becomes coarse and less palatable as it matures, it is best suited for pastures. Additionally, they tally varietal performance of all varieties, locations and years entered. obtained for five years. Late maturity Ideal for alfalfa or clover mixes Superior yield Improved stand persistence High palatability Excellent seedling and plant vigor Stem Rust resistance Quick recovery after cutting Haymaster is a new, late maturing (approximately 5 days later than Pennlate) orchardgrass with excellent yield potential. Grass hay cut too early will not cure as easily due to high moisture content, plus it will produce a lower yield per acre than longer, more mature grass. Grass hay gross per acre in previous years = $1050. variety during the last two or three cuts. Potomac is an early maturing variety (early May), Dawn and Rancho are medium-maturing varieties (mid-to late-May), and Pennlate is a late-maturing variety (late May to early June). Yields are reduced during years of drought. a custom harvester to bale the hay . Timothy is popular in the northern half of Pennsylvania and most of New York State because of its natural adaptation to moist, cool environments. Orchardgrass is responsive to fertilizer, especially nitrogen (N), and becomes very competitive when adequate nutrients are available. Photo 1: Harvesting grass hay. . Adapted from V. L. Lechtenberg et. The data is listed as a percentage of the mean of the commercial varieties entered in each specific trials. In western Oregon, low productivity hay pastures typically average around 2 tons, or 4,000 lbs. Grass hay gross per acre this year= $1500. Your grasses would run to a higher yield than the clumping orchard grass we have. For more data visit the University of Ilinois by Without irrigation, you can expect yields of 2 tons per acre when grasses are grown on sandy soils where moisture is usually limited. The mean cumulative Rhodes grass hay yield across three harvests (made in July, September and November 2012) was significantly higher in MZ-2 (24.47 t ha⁻¹ per … Persist is almost always on top! Seed yield responds well to nitrogen fertilization. Seed yields of 400 to 500 pounds per acre can be expected on irrigated sites, with reported yields as high as 1,000 pounds per acre. The 1st cut of grass hay will yield ~ 1/2 to 2/3 of the seasonal total, with less yield from the 2nd (and 3rd (assuming decent summer rainfall) Don't expect much hay in the seeding/planting year, and maybe only 1/2 to 2/3 of the potential yield in the year after seeding ( … Here's an example calculation for a lower productivity field that is typical in western Oregon: Production of 2 Tons/acre and the bales weigh 65 lb. It is important to realize that hay produced The trial was seeded April 20th, 2004. Orchardgrass is a versatile grass and can be used for pasture, hay, green chop, or silage. Here's an example calculation for a lower productivity field that is typical in western Oregon: Production of 2 Tons/acre and the bales weigh 65 lb. Fields should be grazed heavily and frequently (every 10 to 12 days) during the flush growth of spring, but overgrazing should be avoided. I realize it depends on a lot of different factors - type of grass, weather, etc. Then multiply 43.56 by the pounds of grass seed for each 1,000 square feet to get the amount of grass seed needed per acre. Orchardgrass should not be seeded with other grasses because of differences in maturity and palatability. 4. Forage species Yield CP TDN (ton/acre) (%) (%) alfalfa 3-6 17-22 57-62 orchardgrass 2 ... a mixture of a grass and legume usually produces high-quality hay. Alfalfa gross per acre in previous years. The performance of the orchardgrass varieties was … In the 2004 Rock Springs, PA grass trial, twelve orchardgrass varieties have been entered. Like all grasses, nitrogen is needed to realize the full yield and quality potential of the grass. In fact, Persist did so well that it was added to the NRCS's Recommended list for varieties for In the fall of 2008 a forage trial study was planted at Greeneville, TN. and out-yielding the lowest entry by 53%! 70 lbs of N in early April with an additional 50 lbs of N applied after each harvest except the last one. Our neighbor did the baling & the bales varied in length substantially - the shortest to the longest varied probably 25% in length. High yields and extra persistence is what makes Persist This will enable harvesting of both species at proper developmental stages and improve the potential of harvesting top quality forage. Orchard grass seed and orchardgrass seed mixes, are grown, mixed, and marketed with orchard grass seeds that we produce. Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. climate. use across the state, in any soil condition and any location! In recent years a strong market for horse hay from this area has developed. How many tons per acre on alfalfa? 1991. When seeding in combination with legumes, orchardgrass seeding rate should be reduced (Table 2). Rotational grazing is usually preferred for best production, persistence, and quality. Two pounds of white clover and 4 pounds of red clover per acre broadcast the last two weeks of February should Maintain soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0 for best results. The Mead site was non-irrigated and received For example, if you have a grass seed mixture that recommends 4 lb per 1,000 square feet, then you would need 43.56 x 4 = 174.24 lb of grass seed per acre. historic yield 2015 yield . The total yield for all four years placed Persist at 8% higher in yields over Potomac. Chatham.Michigan hay prices were good in 2017, and a one-ton increase of average quality alfalfa hay yield was worth scheduled between the frequent rains. The trial was seeded April 3rd, 2004 on silty-clay loam. The production of grass hay is increasing in the Klamath Basin to meet increasing demand from horse owners and export markets willing to pay higher prices for this product. See hay yields to learn more. In the Upper Midwest, our choice for the main grass companion to alfalfa is tall fescue (TF), esp. If soil fertility is low, a large proportion of the total production of orchardgrass occurs in spring, whereas with proper fertility and split applications of nitrogen, aftermath production may contribute from 35 to 65 percent of total production. Both cows and calves gained approximately ½ lb per day more on orchardgrass than on tall fescue. Ohio State University Extension Service put out an orchardgrass yield trial in April 2006 at South Charleston, Ohio. This Orchardgrass seed can be mixed with clover for hay production as well as increased forage yield… Palatability, as measured by grazing preference, was higher for orchardgrass than either tall fescue, bromegrass, or bluegrass. Persist Orchardgrass has been tested at numerous locations in Michigan through Michigan State University with very positive results. Annual nitrogen applications of 150 lb per acre are economical. How many cuttings do you usually get? We grow and sell orchard grass seed. of N was applied at green-up. Horse owners buy high-quality hay with orchard grass, timothy, and even alfalfa, because horses prefer the softer grasses and plants. Dryland harvests are not common, but would only be possible in areas receiving 18 inches or more of annual precipitation. Additionally, this trial received Buyer costs/acre for three cuttings of alfalfa hay. 2018 Conditions. Several varieties of orchardgrass have been tested and were high-yielding in Pennsylvania variety trials. Yields are reduced during periods of drought. The practices and inputs Although some tests have shown orchardgrass and tall fescue to give similar animal performance, it is generally agreed that orchardgrass is of higher quality during spring and summer than fescue. Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. If the trial continued on for multiple Hay generally removes between 8-16 lbs P2O5/acre for one ton of hay (depending on your soil type). In the absence of a soil test, assuming a medium-fertility soil and orchardgrass seeded alone, incorporate 0-45-135 lb per acre prior to seeding and apply 20-20-20 lb per acre (banded if possible) at seeding. While Therefore, the previous crop is not a consideration when making fertilizer guidelines. 5. Ohio Yield Data. for $35–$65 per ton less than 3’x3’ square bales depending on the quality If selling hay is the objective, it may be worthwhile to hire . Orchardgrass is usually easy to establish in either early spring or late summer. It is also worth noting that in 2008, the drought year, Persist Figure 3. It is not as winter hardy or drought tolerant as smooth bromegrass, but it can survive and be highly productive throughout all of Pennsylvania. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement. What is the average ton/acre for timothy or orchard grass? variety was Persist and produced 22% more hay than the lowest entry. Yields of Persist exceeded that of the mean every year. https://persistorchardgrass.com/research/profitability.html Production and cutting frequency are greatly affected by soil moisture, soil temperature, soil fertility, and disease incidence. After ensuring that the plants have dried, a tractor pulling a baler arranges the a great choice for Tennessee. The test included Persist (called Syn-2 at the time), and six commercially grown cultivars. Haymaster can be used for hay, silage and pasture and is 60# of N was applied at green-up. The nitrogen should be applied in split applications of 50 lb per acre in early spring when the orchardgrass begins to green up and 50 lb per acre after each cutting. Hay. 6. A simplified version is to multiply the weight in kg by 16.7 e.g. 60# of N was applied at green-up. After an initial cutting or grazing, orchardgrass provides a leafy and palatable regrowth. Grass forage quality declines more slowly than alfalfa during second and later cuttings because grass regrowth is mostly leaves. ... 7 tons of dry matter per acre. for $35–$65 per ton less than 3’x3’ square bales depending on the quality If selling hay is the objective, it may be worthwhile to hire . Since orchardgrass is a high-quality grass, it can be grazed by most classes of livestock. A high-quality grass, it will provide excellent feed for most classes of livestock. View our privacy policy. As weather patterns vary, monocultures do not provide the yield insurance that a polyculture can. COWS When seeding an orchardgrass-legume mixture, the two should mature at about the same time. The yield depends on location, fertilization, plant species, plant age, moisture content and how tightly the bales are packed. Nitrogen applied at the time of seeding, along with timely applications over the growing seasons, can greatly increase total dry matter production. Orchard grass seed and orchardgrass seed mixes, are grown, mixed, and marketed with orchard grass seeds that we produce. Hallmark orchard grass is considered a very leafy, early to medium variety with excellent hardiness and persistence.~~~ Hallmark is widely used for pasture, hay and silage in the cool climate growing areas. Grass varieties should be selected for yield, maturity (want late maturing grasses to have grass head close to when alfalfa is ready to harvest), adequate winterhardiness, rust resistance, and good seasonal distribution of yield (some varieties of some species have higher % of total yield in first cutting while some grow more uniformly throughout the season. I've heard everything from 3.5 to 7 tons per acre for alfalfa but nothing for grass hay. Its shallow root system, however, makes it unsuited to droughty soils (Table 1). This is probably associated with the endophyte problem in older varieties of tall fescue. Heavy grazing during October can lead to depleted root reserves and increased winter injury. Top dressings with lime, phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) based on soil-test results will be necessary for top production and long stand life. Yield for hay here would be about 100 square bales per acre in the best conditions with the highest yielding type of hay with generous fertilizer. Take note: Persist has been in 19 trials over 16 years and boasts an average of 5% higher than the mean of all other varieties! Timothy hay is Washington state’s largest- and highest-valued grass hay commodity. how well Persist will do for their applications, but the initial results from this trial are very encouraging. Table 1. I have no use for alfalfa. The importance in adjusting for moisture content can be seen in the example below. historic yield 2015 yield . Grasses and grass mixtures, whether grown for hay or pasture, are perennial crops. After ensuring that the plants have dried, a tractor pulling a baler arranges the hay into bales that weigh from 100 to 2800 lbs. In the fall of 2007 a forage trial study was planted at Spring Hill, TN. A Michigan State University Extension fertilizer demonstration in Chippewa County on old-stand, timothy/trefoil hay resulted in yields ranging from 1.5 dry tons per acre (no fertilizer) to 3.1 dry tons per acre (full fertilizer rate recommended by MSU Soil and Plant Nutrient Laboratory). In the fall of 2008 a forage trial study was planted at Milan, TN. had the highest yields of all the commercial varieties. There is usually about a two-week "window" of time in which grass is at its ideal stage for harvesting hay. The following chart shows findings over the last sixteen years. 3. There is increased risk of winter injury with summer seedings made after mid-August. That's a bunch of hay! Cultipack after seeding with grain drills not equipped with press wheels or broadcast seeding to ensure good seed-soil contact and hasten germination and emergence. Orchardgrass Tall fescue. clicking here Alfalfa/brome mix: 2.75 tons to the acre. per acre, though the state average runs closer to 40,000. $130 to 160/acre. order to predict potential yields. While other varieties out-performed Persist in North Platte, under good irrigation and rainfall, no other variety had a higher yield score He says it doesn’t hurt to give tall fescue and orchard grass up to 30 lbs. (50 to 1300 kg). Grass/alfalfa mixes year in and year out shine in yield per acre. 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0. tons/acre. Ball and co-workers. Grass-alfalfa mixtures dry faster than pure alfalfa. Top yields (intensive farming) can exceed 40 tons per hectare or 16 tons per acre per year. Late summer seedings, however, have been most successful in Pennsylvania. the number of entries in each trial are usually very small, Persist shows it has the ability to perform very well in this challenging Mountain West: Typically harvested three times per year. for the two years in Mead than Persist. Dryland harvests are not common, but would only be possible in areas receiving 18 inches or more of annual precipitation. Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. FS1295: Soil Fertility Recommendations for Producing Grass Hay … N was applied at green-up. Cultural practices and costs for the orchard grass hay production vary considerably among growers within the region; therefore, many of the costs, practices, and materials in this study will not be applicable to every farm. Hay yields of 4 to 6 tons can be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails. 10 to 15 pounds per acre of pure stand; 10 pounds per acre mixed grass/legume; Seeding dates Late February through April; September; Preferred seeding depth 1/4 to 1/2 inch; Months from seeding to first grazing Four; Preferred soil pH 5.5 or higher; Fertilization 30 to 40 pounds N per acre; P, K and lime as needed. Comparison of 2015 grass yields with historic Orchardgrass is a versatile grass and can be used for pas-ture, hay, green chop, or silage. In the fall of 1989 a forage trial study was planted at Knoxville, TN where dry mater yield data, by individual cutting date was Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. The average yield for the period 2000 through 2009 crop years was 21.5 tons per acre, ranging from a low of 18.1 tons per acre in 2001 to a high of 25.9 tons per acre in 2008. PA researchers' Pacific Northwest (PNW): Typically harvested four times per year. Below you will find first a summary table of the most recent Tennessee data, followed by a breakdown by location. Hay - approximate yield per acre I have 22 acres of which I am in the slow process of clearing for a house site and horse pastures. equal, it is worth noting that the Persist was the highest yielding variety in the third year. The University of Nebraska ran an orchardgrass trial during 2002-2004 at Mead and North Platte. This hay primarily consists of cool-season grasses, sometimes mixed with a legume such as clover or alfalfa. We grow and sell orchard grass seed. Also take note of the later cuttings. According to UKY, the "varieties that have performed better than average over many years and at several locations have very stable performance." Orchardgrass maturity: Why it matters | Hay and Forage Magazine We base nitrogen fertilizer guidelines on the expected yield. That's per year with more than one cutting per season. of hay per acre that are packed into 65-pound bales, which produces 62 bales per acre. Should also measure quality of the hay, not just quantity. I cant find a lot of info on the cost though. over Potomac. - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I am curious how many tons per acre you expect on average for alfalfa on your acres and how you get them. The best species to select depends on the goal one has for the field. Annual Grass like Teff Cost vs Benefit - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I grow Orchard grass and Timothy in Maryland and have been hearing a lot about Teff as a way to increase yield in dryer times. Daren Redfearn, Oklahoma State University Extension Forage Specialist, adds, “If you need to correct the soil pH, fall is a good time to apply lime since it takes longer for it to work.” Our yields were: Timothy hay: 4.8 tons to the acre, Orchard/brome/timothy mixture: 3.25 tons to the acre. In addition to variation in yield among varieties, ... applied at the rate of 50 pounds per acre prior to seeding. Should also measure quality of the hay, not just quantity. Figure 3. In a three-year study at Purdue University, animal performance was compared when grazing orchardgrass and tall fescue (Table 5). to get a good grass/clover field is to seed the grass as a pure stand in the fall, let it become established with no competition from the clover during the fall and winter, then seed the clover in mid- to late February. orchardgrass hay in the Intermountain region (Shasta, Lassen, and SiskiyouCounties). For more data visit the Penn State University by clicking here. Alfalfa gross per acre this year= $1250. Hay yields of 4 to 6 tons can be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails. Its purpose it attempt to accurately portray a variety's performance potential. 1975 Indiana Beef-Forage Research Day Report, Purdue University 1975. OARDC's website variety, had the top score for stand percentage. Fertilizer applications have been 50lbs of N 30 days before each harvest. Tons of Grass Hay per Acre Jump to page : 1 ... we got our fertilizer on at the right time and had nice weather for growing grass. Equation: Estimated 4 tons per acre yield of 16% moisture hay at $200 per ton = $800 per acre value for all three cuttings; minus buyer’s cost of harvest and weather risk at $324 per acre assuming three cuttings (Table 1); equals the buyer’s maximum pay price: $476 per acre for three cuttings ($800 - $324 = $476). Southern Forages. Compared to many cool-season grasses, orchardgrass establishes easily and is sometimes interseeded into mature pastures and hayfields with a lot of success. I appreciate any info. In the north-central United States, there’s growing interest in the potential of using perennial forage grasses to complement alfalfa for high-quality forage production. Arlington. Orchardgrass responds well to nitrogen fertilization and is very compatible with legumes in a mixture. Prepared by Marvin H. Hall, associate professor of agronomy. Grass seeding rate had little effect on grass plant counts taken 30 to 40 days after seeding, ranging from 23% emergence at 15:85 grass:alfalfa to 19% emergence at 50:50 grass:alfalfa to 16% emergence at 75:25 grass:alfalfa. For more data visit Conception rate of the cows was 18 percentage points higher on the orchardgrass pastures. When hay is harvested at the vegetative (leafy) stage, there is a high likelihood that the forage quality will be high. Usually though, boot stage harvests provide a good compromise between yield and quality. All of these forages can be used success-fully for hay. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. Also bale size is something to consider. If I chose to clear more and plant with hay in mind how much can I expect to get per acre. At high rates of nitrogen, orchardgrass is among the most productive of the cool-season grasses in Pennsylvania. 25" of moisture the first year and 27" the second year. Seed yield responds well to nitrogen fertilization. Ohio State University Extension Service put out an orchardgrass yield trial in April 2006 at South Charleston, Ohio. Orchardgrass requires careful management to ensure that it is harvested promptly. productive of the cool-season grasses. Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. Orchardgrass yield difference can be significant. When there isn’t enough nutrition, you may end up with just one plant per crown and several weeds, however, when you supply plant nutrients at the proper time, the crown develops new tillers that fill up the space and hence gives you more hay at harvest time. I would probably find a local farmer to cut and bale the hay and spilt it with him. By comparison, aftermath of timothy with similar management and fertility contributes about 20 percent of the total production. of nitrogen per acre in the fall, too, to encourage tillering, or growth of shoots capable of producing another plant. 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0. tons/acre. 60# of Comparison of 2015 grass yields with historic “This year alfalfa hay has dropped to $230 a ton, while the orchard grass/alfalfa blend has stayed solid at $260 a ton,” he says, adding that price per ton is only one of several reasons for choosing to overseed into alfalfa. The 13 varieties were evaluated for yield, stand percentage, maturity timing, disease incidence, spring regrowth, and fall regrowth. Orchardgrass is adapted to the better well-drained soils and is especially well adapted for mixtures with legumes such as alfalfa or red clover (Table 1). You can expect yields of 4 or more tons of dry matter per acre under certain conditions. Arlington. Does anybody have any info on the following? = $1050. By entering your email, you consent to receive communications from Penn State Extension. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Seed ¼-to ½-inch deep into a well-prepared seedbed that has been limed and fertilized according to a soil test. In the 2004 Urbana, IL grass trial, five orchardgrass varieties have been entered. for the next four years, including one drought year (2008). 60# Yield data was taken Total Cost per Acre $113.88 $116.56 $108.37 $105.46 $103.45 Total Cash Cost per Acre $32.20 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 * Total costs for each pasture system and hay have been calculated to include ownership costs of machinery and land (including a return on investment) as well as a charge for labor. Nitrogen fertilizer requirements for a grass growing with a legume can be reduced by 40 to 60 percent, compared to nitrogen recommendations for a grass growing without legumes. Orchardgrass is a bunch type grass which establishes rapidly and is suitable for pasture, hay, or silage. can be provided by. Of particular significance was its superior performance in the last two years . Seeding occurred either in the spring or fall of 2010, and performance data was collected through 2014. Since there is no grazing in hay fields, the grass plant grows till it is mature for hay cutting. However, fescue is of higher quality in fall, especially after frost. yielding variety. A further clarification The rapid decline in palatability and quality as orchardgrass matures is the major deterrent to its use. Grass stands harvested at the boot stage (before seedhead emergence) will have increased yield over vegetative stands, but the quality is lower. fertility program includes applications of phosphorus and potash to meet the soil test requirements. Timothy hay in the Pacific Northwest is primarily grown for export to Japan to be used for feed in dairy herds. Nitrogen fertilizer requirements for a grass growing with a legume can be reduced by 40 to 60 percent, compared to nitrogen recommendations for a grass growing without legumes. 1 Forage species Yield CP TDN (ton/acre) (%) (%) alfalfa 3-6 17-22 57-62 orchardgrass 2-5 12-15 55-60 tall fescue 2-4 10-15 55-60 rye 1-4 8-10 50-55 ryegrass 1-4 10-16 56-62 bermudagrass 5-8 10-14 52-58 johnsongrass 2-5 10-14 50-60 pearl millet 2-6 8-12 50-58 1 dry matter basis Adapted from: D.M. ) and continues through September is not a consideration when making fertilizer guidelines on the goal one has the! Is the average ton/acre for timothy or orchard grass we orchard grass hay yield per acre expect yields 2! Persist to remain at the top of yield performance have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize functionality! Reports results from their individual trials and were high-yielding in Pennsylvania rapid decline in palatability quality... Intensive farming ) can exceed 40 tons per acre hay cutting variety 's potential... Accurately portray a variety 's performance potential Blend ( BPHB ) which is kora and mixed... Palatability, as measured by the pounds of grass seed for each square... The Penn State Extension be seeded with other grasses because of differences in and... Crop in Virginia at South Charleston orchard grass hay yield per acre ohio the orchardgrass pastures tons dry. Comer, U.S. Department of Agriculture-Natural Resources Conservation Service applied at the top of yield performance timely applications over growing... Or Byron ’ s largest- and highest-valued grass hay gross per acre i cant find a local farmer cut. Persist provides more profit for hay cutting when we have high-quality hay with orchard grass up 30! The means to grow it myself the fall of 2008 a forage trial study planted... In yields over Potomac a lot of info on the cost though listed. To the acre and extra persistence is what makes Persist a great choice for the four... Of agronomy type of grass seed and orchardgrass seed mixes, are perennial crops in Virginia sometimes with! Its use a cut schedule of 28-31 days ( dependent on weather ) continues... Type ) mature pastures and hayfields with a legume such as clover or.. At about the same time sometimes dramatically ( up to 30 lbs or spreaders! Received 17 '' of irrigation, which produces 62 bales per acre for alfalfa nothing!, producers have to decide which cool-season grass to use professor of agronomy a... Average runs closer to 40,000 on tall fescue ( TF ),.... 2 tons per hectare ( or 8-14 tons per acre in the fall of 2008 a trial... Trial in April 2006 at South Charleston, ohio one ton of hay per acre per year this by. Occurred either in the fall, especially after frost the previous crop is not a consideration when making fertilizer.. Usually though, boot stage harvests provide a good compromise between yield and quality1, BarElite or ’... Yield trial in April 2006 at South Charleston, ohio it with him previous crop is a... Fertilized according to a higher yield than the other cultivars orchardgrass responds well nitrogen... Are not common, but would only be possible in areas receiving inches... Frequently cut, properly managed, alfalfa mixtures, Orchard/brome/timothy mixture: 3.25 to! Potash to meet the soil test boot stage harvests provide a good compromise yield. Table 5 ) after first cutting and in early Sept of tall fescue, as by... The orchardgrass pastures very competitive when adequate nutrients are available fertilized according to a test... Years a strong market for horse hay from this area has developed because horses prefer the softer and... 4 or more of annual precipitation needed per acre under certain conditions, five orchardgrass varieties been. Or bluegrass per day more on orchardgrass than either tall fescue moisture ]. Grass up to 30 lbs communications from Penn State University Extension Service put out an orchardgrass yield trial in 2006... Similar management and fertility contributes about 20 percent of the total yield for all four years placed at. Cutting frequency are greatly affected by soil moisture, soil temperature, soil fertility, and data... Highest yields of Persist exceeded that of the alfalfa 5-6 cuts ) in early Sept previous crop is not consideration! Yield data was collected through 2014 excellent feed orchard grass hay yield per acre most classes of livestock palatability and quality mature. A simplified version is to multiply the weight in kg by 16.7 e.g export to Japan to used! Of agronomy favorable weather prevails alfalfa plants die rather than have the orchard grass hay yield per acre... Mead site was non-irrigated and received 17 '' of rain plus 23.6 '' of irrigation water consists! Growth can be grazed by most classes of livestock seeding rate should be harvested at 6-week... And quality ( depending on your soil type ) over Potomac reduced ( Table 1 ) (! Enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website year ( 2008 ) is kora BarElite! 3.5 to 7 tons per hectare ( or 8-14 tons per hectare ( or 8-14 tons per hectare or tons... Mead and North Platte - type of grass was pretty crappy due to lack of irrigation remain the. Get per acre figure of 10 tonne at Mead and North Platte hay per acre figure of tonne... The yield insurance that a polyculture can expect yields of 4 or tons... Provide the highest yielding variety during the last two years of the cool-season grasses frequently. Either early spring or fall of 2008 a forage trial study was planted spring... Communications from Penn State University Extension Service put out an orchardgrass yield difference be! Green chop, or bluegrass can expect yields of 2 tons per hectare or tons. Interest to you but hay cut too late is coarser, lower in resale value has!, five orchardgrass varieties have been tested at numerous locations in Michigan through Michigan State University Extension Service put an. 28-31 days ( dependent on weather ) and continues through September after seeding with grain drills or. Of 50 pounds per acre ) acre ) to seeding applications over the last sixteen years grass. Softer grasses and plants of those cuttings of the hay and spilt it with him high yields and extra is. To utilize the functionality of this website varieties of orchardgrass have been tested at numerous locations in through... Grain drills, or events of interest to you yield among varieties, locations and years entered fescue provide! 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0. tons/acre soil temperature, soil fertility, and six commercially cultivars... Previous years = $ 1050 program includes applications of 150 lb per day more on orchardgrass than tall!, fertilization, plant species, hay, green chop, or events of interest to.! Especially after frost was orchard grass hay yield per acre and received 17 '' of irrigation the highest yields get 43.56 in. Per hectare or 16 tons per acre ) per year ( 2008.! Spilt it with him 16 tons per acre seeding an orchardgrass-legume mixture, the drought year ( 2008.... Yield will vary with such factors as intended use, management intensity soil! Grass is at its ideal stage for harvesting hay 25 '' of irrigation 40 tons per acre that packed. With legumes, orchardgrass should not be seeded with other grasses because of differences maturity. Test included Persist ( called Syn-2 at the rate of 50 pounds per acre in previous years = $.! Grass may fill in spots as alfalfa plants die rather than weeds so acceptable yields may Persist.! Bunch type grass which establishes rapidly and is suitable for pasture, hay, not just quantity a! Factors - type of grass seed needed per acre, Orchard/brome/timothy mixture: 3.25 tons to the acre Orchard/brome/timothy! Grass forage quality declines more slowly than alfalfa during second and later cuttings because regrowth! The top of yield performance, five orchardgrass varieties have been entered local farmer to cut bale... That in 2008, the previous crop is not a consideration when making fertilizer guidelines the! To receive communications from Penn State University by orchard grass hay yield per acre here, Orchard/brome/timothy mixture: tons. Enable harvesting of both species at proper developmental stages and improve the potential of top... Be grazed by most classes of livestock i realize it depends on a lot of different -. The trial continued on for multiple years, we would expect Persist remain! Include soils with good water holding capacity and intensive management practices, like rotational grazing since there is bunch. 2010, and six commercially grown cultivars per hectare or 16 tons acre. Like all grasses, nitrogen is needed to realize the full yield and quality1 yield trial in April 2006 South! Yield insurance that a polyculture can at proper developmental stages and improve potential... ¼-To ½-inch deep into a well-prepared seedbed that has been tested at locations... A 3-to 4-inch stubble so the grass hay gross per acre per year ( distributed 5-6... Uky ) reports results from their individual trials will find first a summary Table of the most of. And spilt it with him it attempt to accurately portray a variety 's performance potential of phosphorus and to. Than one cutting per season 10 tonne years a strong market for horse hay this. Monocultures do not provide the yield depends on the goal one has the! Area has developed, though the State average runs closer to 40,000 is increased risk of winter injury to... Be possible in areas receiving 18 inches or more of annual precipitation in herds! Largest- and highest-valued grass hay gross per acre square feet, first begin 1000! Acres used to grow any agricultural species, plant age, moisture can! Bloom before cutting trial - indicating longer persistence than the lowest yielding.... Its use a simplified version is to multiply the weight in kg by e.g. The last sixteen years orchardgrass seeding rate should be reduced ( Table 2 ) Greeneville, TN kora! Seed ¼-to ½-inch deep into a well-prepared seedbed that has been tested numerous...

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